Her father was Captain Stephen Barton, a member of the local militia and a selectman who inspired his daughter with patriotism and a broad humanitarian interest. He was also the leader of progressive thought in the Oxford village area.
He belonged to the Protestant, Anglo-Irish minority that had controlled the economic, political, social, and cultural life of Ireland since at least the end of the 17th century.
Although he lived in London for 14 years of his childhood and kept a permanent home there during the first half of his adult lifeYeats maintained his cultural roots, featuring Irish legends and heroes in many of his poems and plays.
He was equally firm in adhering to his self-image as an artist. This conviction led many to accuse him of elitism, but it also unquestionably contributed to his greatness.
As fellow poet W. Auden noted in a Kenyon Review essay entitled "Yeats as an Example," Yeats accepted the modern necessity of having to make a lonely and deliberate "choice of the principles and presuppositions in terms of which [made] sense of his experience. There he continued to devote himself to Irish subjects, writing poems, plays, novels, and short stories—all with Irish characters and scenes.
In addition, he produced book reviews, usually on Irish topics. Yeats had been a theosophist, but in he turned from its sweeping mystical insights and joined the Golden Dawn, a secret society that practiced ritual magic.
The society offered instruction and initiation in a series of ten levels, the three highest of which were unattainable except by magi who were thought to possess the secrets of supernatural wisdom and enjoy magically extended lives.
Yeats was fascinated by the possibility of becoming a magus, and he became convinced that the mind was capable of perceiving past the limits of materialistic rationalism. Yeats remained an active member of the Golden Dawn for 32 years, becoming involved in its direction at the turn of the century and achieving the coveted sixth grade of membership inthe same year that his future wife, Georgiana Hyde-Lees, also joined the society.
Yeats avoided what he considered the obscurity of Blake, whose poetic images came from mystical visions rather than from the familiar physical world. During this decade he also became increasingly interested in poetic techniques.
The Rhymers placed a very high value on subjectivity and craftsmanship and preferred sophisticated aestheticism to nationalism. There he devised, with Lady Gregory and her neighbor Edward Martyn, plans for promoting an innovative, native Irish drama.
The success of these productions led to the founding of the Irish National Theatre Society with Yeats as president. Lady Gregory, John M.
During the entire first decade of the 20th century Yeats was extremely active in the management of the Abbey Theatre company, choosing plays, hiring and firing actors and managers, and arranging tours for the company.
At this time he also wrote ten plays, and the simple, direct style of dialogue required for the stage became an important consideration in his poems as well.
He abandoned the heavily elaborated style of The Wind among the Reeds in favor of conversational rhythms and radically simpler diction.
This transformation in his poetic style can be traced in his first three collections of the 20th century: Several poems in those collections use style as their subject. Simplification was only the first of several major stylistic changes. In "Yeats as an Example?
Selected Prosethe prominent Irish poet Seamus Heaney commended Yeats for continually altering and refining his poetic craftsmanship. These plays were described by Yeats as "plays for dancers.
Maud Gonne, with whom he had shared his Irish enthusiasms, had moved to Paris with her husband, exiled Irish revolutionary John MacBride, and the author was left without her important encouragement.
But in he once again became a staunch exponent of the nationalist cause, inspired by the Easter Rising, an unsuccessful, six-day armed rebellion of Irish republicans against the British in Dublin. MacBride, who was now separated from Gonne, participated in the rebellion and was executed afterward.
Yeats reacted by writing " Easter, ," an eloquent expression of his complex feelings of shock, romantic admiration, and a more realistic appraisal. With marriage came another period of exploration into complex and esoteric subjects for Yeats.
Yeats had first mentioned the value of masks in in a simple poem, "The Mask," where a woman reminds her lover that his interest in her depends on her guise and not on her hidden, inner self.
Yeats gave eloquent expression to this idea of the mask in a group of essays, Per Amica Silentia Lunae Yeats also continued to explore mysticism. Only four days after the wedding, his bride began what would be a lengthy experiment with the psychic phenomenon called automatic writing, in which her hand and pen presumably served as unconscious instruments for the spirit world to send information.
Yeats and his wife held more than four hundred sessions of automatic writing, producing nearly four thousand pages that Yeats avidly and patiently studied and organized. From these sessions Yeats formulated theories about life and history.Board of Pardons Prisoner Pardon Application Case Files; Add or remove collections Home Board of Pardons Prisoner Pardon Application Case Files Page 1 Reference URL Share.
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To link to the entire object, paste this link in email, IM or document William K. Purdy. GARRET ABEL, RWPA #SHe was born on March 15, He was noted to be a merchant in the Coxsackie District of Albany County, New York in He served as a private under Captain William Snider of Colonel Anthony Van Bergen's Regiment.
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