The Sumerianthe Ancient Egyptianthe Chinese and the Mayan writings are separate in their invention. Then they developed a mixture of methods. Our own alphabetic system is different. It is based on the sounds of spoken language.
Hangul Among segmental scripts that is, scripts that use a separate glyph for each phoneme, commonly called "alphabets"one may distinguish abjadswhich only record consonants and were first developed by the Egyptians as part of their hieroglyphic script; true alphabets which record consonants and vowels separately, first developed by the Greeks ; and abugidasin which the vowels are indicated by diacritical marks or systematic modification of the form of the consonants, first developed by the Indians.
Examples of present-day abjads are the Arabic and Hebrew scripts ; true alphabets include LatinCyrillicand Korean Hangul ; and abugidas are used to write EthiopicHindiand Thai.
The Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics are also an abugida, as a glyph stands for a consonant and is rotated to represent the vowel, rather than each consonant-vowel combination being represented by a separate glyph, as in a true syllabary.
The boundaries between these three types is not always clear-cut. For example, Iraqi Kurdish is written in the Arabic scriptwhich is normally an abjad. However, in Kurdish, writing the vowels is mandatory, and full letters are used, so the script is a true alphabet. Other languages may use a Semitic abjad with mandatory vowel diacritics, effectively making it an abugida.
On the other hand, the Phagspa script of the Mongol Empire was based closely on the Tibetan abugidabut all vowel marks were written after the preceding consonant rather than as diacritic marks.
Although short a is not written, as in the abugidas, one could argue that the linear arrangement makes this a true alphabet. Conversely, the vowel marks of the Ethiopic abugida have been so completely assimilated into their consonants that the system is learned as a syllabary rather than as a segmental script.
Even more extreme, the Pahlavi abjad became logographic. Thus the primary classification of alphabets reflects how they treat vowels. Further classification can be based on tone, though there are as yet no names to distinguish the various types.
Some alphabets simply disregard tone entirely, especially when it does not carry a heavy functional load, as in parts of Africa and the Americas. Such scripts are to tone what abjads are to vowels. Most commonly, tones are indicated with diacritics, the way vowels are treated in abugidas.
This is the case for Vietnamese a true alphabet and Thai an abugida. In Thai, tone is determined primarily by the choice of consonant, with diacritics for disambiguation. In the Pollard script an abugidavowels are indicated by diacritics, but the placement of the vowel relative to the consonant indicates the tone.
More rarely, a script will have separate letters for the tones, as is the case for Hmong and Zhuang.
Regardless of whether letters or diacritics are used, the most common tone will not be marked, just as the most common vowel is not marked in Indic abugidas. Alphabets can be quite small. The Book Pahlavi script, an abjad, had only 12 letters. However, these languages are not actually written. The Scandinavian Futhark was one of the smallest true alphabets in actual use, with just 16 letters.
The Haelsinge Runes are only known to have 15 letters, but they are poorly attested. However, other Polynesian alphabets may be as short as is claimed for Hawaiian: With this orthography, the Tahitian alphabet has just 14 letters.
While Polynesian languages have small alphabets because they have few phonemes to represent, Book Pahlavi was small because many letters had been conflated the graphic distinctions had been lost over timeand diacritics are not used to compensate.
For example, a comma-shaped letter represented g, d, y, k, and j.Learn Alphabet For Children Alphabet for Kids Letters for Toddlers #krazykidzkorner #learnletters #alphabet Hey kids! Welcome to Krazy Kidz Korner, where we learn and have fun too!
It's true - a system of letters is called a writing system. This one is called the alphabet because of the names of the letters. Old English was originally written in a system called the futhorc.
The history of alphabetic writing goes back to the consonantal writing system used for Semitic languages in the Levant in the 2nd millennium BCE.
All subsequent alphabets around the world have either descended from this first Semitic alphabet, History of the Alphabet. A deck of 56 standard size playing cards. Each card representing one letter of the alphabet and having a duplicate card within the deck. Therefore, there are 52 playing cards being two of 26 cards each having one letter of the alphabet on its face side, and four cards being wild cards or written game play instruction cards; completing a total of 56 cards per card deck.
Fun Techniques for Teaching Toddlers Alphabet Skills.
by Karen LoBello. Mar 06, You wonder whether you're doing enough to prepare your toddler for reading and writing. If you're teaching him to recognize letters of the alphabet and their sounds, you're on the right track.
Toddlers particularly enjoy stories such as Brown Bear. Saclip is a web site that offers the latest video clips, free video clips and high quality downloads. Enjoy the latest, highest quality videos that satisfy your passion.