Background[ edit ] The KKK and a "Fiery Cross"; image from the s In the early s Mississippi, as well as most of the South, defied federal direction regarding racial integration. Bombings, murders, vandalism, and intimidation were tactics used by white supremacists in order to discourage black Mississippians and their Northern supporters.
For example, the United States sent troops to prop up capitalist rule in: Guatemala ; the Dominican Republic and Grenada Supported an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba Undertook a long and unsuccessful effort to prevent communist North Vietnam from bringing South Vietnam under its rule.
The Cold War also manifested itself in propaganda from both sides. In an Arms Race which included nuclear weapons, both sides spent huge budgets to try to build a mightier defence force than the other.
Both America and Russia supplied arms to their allies around the world. The Space Race was also an aspect of the Cold War, in which each side tried to prove the superiority of their scientific technologies.
The Sixties The s is the decade from to In Africa, the s was a period of radical political change as countries gained independence from their European colonial rulers. Young people wanted change and changes affected education, values, lifestyles, laws, and entertainment. The following website gives an excellent overview of the Sixties, and we encourage you to refer to it for more detailed information on the decade: This movement encouraged other civil rights movements in other democracies, and in countries without a fascist or colonial government.
Mass movements for democracy, in countries like South Africa, in turn also inspired the Civil Rights Movement in America. Desmond Tutu says he and many other South Africans took heart from the struggles and achievements of African Americans: Here is a black man who has overcome all kinds of odds, and made it!
Each state can make laws for its own state, but the national federal government can make laws that over-ride state laws. In other words, National law is superior to State Law. There are three branches of government in both the state and federal governments: Executive branch Each state has a Governor who is the head of the executive branch of a state.
The Federal Executive branch is headed by the President. A presidential election is held every four years. The President may serve two 4-year terms, totalling 8 years.
The President lives in the White House. The Federal capital city is Washington, D. Presidents whose names and years of service you should try to remember were: Roosevelt - 45 Harry Truman - 53 John F.
Kennedy - 63 Lyndon B. Johnson - 69 Richard Nixon - 74 Legislative branch The legislative branch makes laws. The legislative branch is made up of Congress. Congress is divided into two "houses" - the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Judicial branch You can read more about the structure of the American government on this external link:Police protection, however, disappeared as the Freedom Riders entered the Montgomery city limits.
The bus terminal was quiet. "And then, all of a sudden, just like magic, white people everywhere," said Freedom Rider Frederick Leonard. The Riders considered leaving by the back of the bus in hopes that the mob would not be quite as vicious. But Jim Zwerg, a white rider, bravely marched off the bus first.
In , a group of Freedom Riders—both black and white—challenged segregation on interstate buses and in terminals. In doing so, they also challenged federal officials to enforce U.S.
The Freedom Riders boarded buses headed for Louisiana, only to confront violent resistance from white citizens and law enforcement in Alabama. During the spring of , student activists from the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) launched the Freedom Rides to challenge segregation on interstate buses and bus terminals.
Traveling on buses from Washington, D.C., to Jackson, Mississippi, the riders met violent opposition in the Deep South, garnering extensive media attention and eventually forcing federal intervention from John F.
Kennedy ’s . Rosa Parks Timeline History Timelines of People provide fast facts and information about famous people in history, such as those detailed in the Rosa Parks Timeline, who precipitated a significant change in World history.
Chapter The Civil Rights Movement. STUDY. PLAY. Jackie Robinson. A group of protesters that took a bus trip through the South.
|Freedom Rides (1961)||The group traveled through Virginia and North Carolinadrawing little public notice. The next day, the group reached Atlanta, Georgiawhere some of the riders split off onto a Trailways bus.|
|Case Study Tags||Like the Freedom Rides ofthe Journey of Reconciliation was intended to test an earlier Supreme Court ruling that banned racial discrimination in interstate travel.|
|The Freedom Riders, Then and Now | History | Smithsonian||Like the Freedom Rides ofthe Journey of Reconciliation was intended to test an earlier Supreme Court ruling that banned racial discrimination in interstate travel.|
They would go into whites only waiting rooms, restrooms, and lunch counters to draw attention to segregation. Was involved in sit-ins, the Freedom Riders, and was a leader of the SNCC.
He became a member of. Civil Rights Movement timeline University of Georgia Desegregated (Jan) In the summer of , Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes apply for admission to the .