Check out their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history. United States of America rose at a formidable rate, becoming the new World Leader. As much as the political landscape of the world witnessed a huge makeover, so did the economic policies as Industrial Revolution and globalisation grew on a large scale. In a period of rapid accelerating growth, the advancements that the century made would barely had been possible had it not been for the eminent leaders.
Usage[ edit ] The term robber baron derives from the Raubritter robber knightsthe medieval German lords who charged nominally illegal tolls unauthorized by the Holy Roman Emperor on the primitive roads crossing their lands  or larger tolls along the Rhine river—all without adding anything of value, but instead lining their pockets at the cost of the common good rent seeking.
The metaphor appeared as early as February 9,when The New York Times used it to characterize the business practices of Cornelius Vanderbilt. Stiles says the metaphor "conjures up visions of titanic monopolists who crushed competitors, rigged markets, and corrupted government.
In their greed and power, legend has it, they held sway over a helpless democracy. Political cronies had been granted special shipping routes by the state, but told legislators their costs were so high that they needed to charge high prices and still receive extra money from the taxpayers as funding.
Vanderbilt's private shipping company began running the same routes, charging a fraction of the price, making a large profit without taxpayer subsidy.
The state-funded shippers then began paying Vanderbilt money to not ship on their route. A critic of this tactic drew a political comic depicting Vanderbilt as a feudal robber baron extracting a toll.
Geisst says, "in a Darwinist age, Vanderbilt developed a reputation as a plunderer who took no prisoners. Hostile cartoonists might dress the offenders in royal garb to underscore the offense against democracy.
At first, White says, they were depicted as: Robber Barons, standing for a Gilded Age of corruption, monopoly, and rampant individualism. Their corporations were the Octopus, devouring all in its path.
In the twentieth century and the twenty-first they became entrepreneurs, necessary business revolutionaries, ruthlessly changing existing practices and demonstrating the protean nature of American capitalism.
Their new corporations also transmuted and became manifestations of the "Visible Hand," a managerial rationality that eliminated waste, increased productivity, and brought bourgeois values to replace those of financial buccaneers. The originators of the Robber Baron concept were not the injured, the poor, the faddists, the jealous, or a dispossessed elite, but rather a frustrated group of observers led at last by protracted years of harsh depression to believe that the American dream of abundant prosperity for all was a hopeless myth.
Thus the creation of the Robber Baron stereotype seems to have been the product of an impulsive popular attempt to explain the shift in the structure of American society in terms of the obvious.
Rather than make the effort to understand the intricate processes of change, most critics appeared to slip into the easy vulgarizations of the "devil-view" of history which ingenuously assumes that all human misfortunes can be traced to the machinations of an easily located set of villains—in this case, the big businessmen of America.
This assumption was clearly implicit in almost all of the criticism of the period.
The theme was popular during the s amid public scorn for big business. Historian Steve Fraser says the mood was sharply hostile toward big business: Biographies of Mellon, Carnegie and Rockefeller were often laced with moral censure, warning that "tories of industry" were a threat to democracy and that parasitism, aristocratic pretension and tyranny have always trailed in the wake of concentrated wealth, whether accumulated dynastically or more impersonally by the faceless corporation.
This scholarship, and the cultural persuasion of which it was an expression, drew on a deeply rooted sensibility—partly religious, partly egalitarian and democratic—that stretched back to William Jennings Bryan, Andrew Jackson and Tom Paine.
Business historian Allan Nevins challenged this view of American big businessmen by advocating the "Industrial Statesman" thesis.
Nevins, in his John D. The Heroic Age of American Enterprise 2 vols. He argued that while Rockefeller may have engaged in some unethical and illegal business practices, this should not overshadow his bringing order to the industrial chaos of the day.
Gilded Age capitalists, according to Nevins, sought to impose order and stability on competitive business, and that their work made the United States the foremost economy by the 20th century.The industrial leaders, Robber Barons, of the 19th century are men who are very respected and admired.
Andrew Carnegie was a boy from Scotland who came over to this country with nothing. The 19th century was a century that began on January 1, , and ended on December 31, The 19th century saw large amounts of social change; slavery was abolished, and the Second Industrial Revolution led to massive urbanization and much higher levels of productivity, profit and prosperity.
Industrial Leaders of the Late 19th Century Professor Folsom talked with high school students about the development of the U.S. as a world economic power, congressional subsidies to entrepreneurs.
The 19th century was a century that began on January 1, , and ended on December 31, The 19th century saw large amounts of social change; slavery was abolished, and the Second Industrial Revolution led to massive urbanization and much higher levels of productivity, profit and prosperity.
Famous Leaders Of The 19th Century Spiritual & Religious Leaders Political Leaders Revolutionaries American German British French Military Leaders 19th century was a . In 19th and 20th century, British and French were the two of the most influential country in the regardbouddhiste.com that time, Great Britain was the first colonial country in the world.
They controlled the 1/3 lands of the world. France also was an industrialized nation with a large empire.