This movement of Chilean-born criollos, who sought political and economic independence from Spain. The movement for independence was far from gaining unanimous support among Chileans, who became divided between independentists and royalists.
There were restrictions on trading with foreigners, restrictions against growing crops that would compete with crops grown in Spain, and restrictions on making goods that would compete with goods made in Spain. Taxes imposed by Spanish authorities were also annoying.
People Independence in latin america Spanish heritage born in Latin America were not participating in government the way that people of British heritage had been in Britain's colonies.
The families of Spain's officials enjoyed their authority and higher status.
Then there’s the chestnut about Miami being the capital of Latin America. Or, Miami is Latin America where the phones work. And so on. The point is, Miami takes pride in saying, We are Latin. Instability in South America. Mexico stuggles with constitutional government. Developments in California and New Mexico. The Spanish American wars of independence were the numerous wars against Spanish rule in Spanish America with the aim of political independence that took place during the early 19th century, after the French invasion of Spain during Europe's Napoleonic regardbouddhiste.comgh there has been research on the idea of a separate Spanish .
Many of them had a non-white in their family sometime in the years since the Europeans had arrived in the New World, while people born in Spain prided themselves on their racial purity. A junta in Caracas declared independence on July 5,and independence was declared also in La Paz and in New Grenada in what today is Colombia.
And fighting erupted between Spain's authorities in Latin America and those associated with the juntas. Nuevo Mexico included territory between Texas and Alto California as far north as what eventually would be called Wyoming. New Spain had a population of around 1. A sixty-year-old ordained Roman Catholic priest, Miguel Hidalgo, in the village of Dolores about miles northwest of Mexico City had a more radical response to events.
Hidalgo was an intellectual who had drawn from the Enlightenment, and he dismissed popular notions concerning race and had been fighting for the well-being of Mexico's Indians and Mestizos, including a call for the return of lands stolen from the Indians.
Pursuing this in the wake of the more conservative independence movement in Mexico City he organized an uprising for December 8, Hidalgo rang the church bell, calling his Indian and Mestizo followers to action.
And, according to reports, he shouted: Long live Ferdinand VII! Death to bad government! Hidalgo's followers, with their farm tools as weapons, marched to the town of San Miguel thirty miles to the northwest of Dolores, picking up hundreds of combatants from farms and mines along the way.
The militia of San Miguel joined the uprising. Hidalgo's army swelled to several thousand. Encouraged by their numbers, the insurgents began to sack shops and loot the houses of whites. Within a week, Hidalgo's army reached the town of Guanajuato, sixty miles farther northwest, their army now numbering around 50, And now they met resistance.
Defending soldiers killed 2, of Hidalgo's men. Shocked by the reality of warfare, Hidalgo's men went on a rampage, killing all opponents they could, including those who surrendered. Hildago's growing army moved on, taking one town after another.
They defeated an army of 7, that had been sent against them. But Hidalgo's force was tiring, and rather than push for control of the capital, Mexico City, Hidalgo ordered his force to the nearby provincial capital, Guadalajara, for a rest.
There he set up a government, with one small printing press, and he began training his army. Moving against Hidalgo's rebellion, 6, soldiers moved through Guanajuato and approached Guadalajara.
Hidalgo's army outnumbered the rival force thirteen to one, but the battle outside of town went badly for them, and they panicked and fled.The independence of Latin America from Spain was a foregone conclusion as soon as the creoles began thinking of themselves as Americans and the Spaniards as something different from them.
By that time, Spain was between a rock and a hard place: the creoles clamored for positions of influence in the colonial bureaucracy and for freer trade. Then there’s the chestnut about Miami being the capital of Latin America.
Or, Miami is Latin America where the phones work. And so on. The point is, Miami takes pride in saying, We are Latin. Timeline: Independence Day Celebrations in Latin America If you're a big fan of independence day celebrations, here's a handy timeline of other national parties in Nearshore locations.
The Latin American Wars of Independence were the revolutions that took place during the late 18th and early 19th centuries and resulted in the creation of a number of independent countries in Latin America.
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These revolutions followed the American and French Revolutions, which had profound effects on the Spanish, Portuguese and French colonies in the Americas. HISTORY OF LATIN AMERICA including Latin and North America, The America of the Latins.
Extensively revised to incorporate the latest interpretations and address issues of race and gender as well as of economic interest, this is the only book that in such a short space covers the causes, events, and consequences of the wars of independence (–) in all of Latin America.