Was it an Act of Biblical Rebellion? Was the American Revolution an act of rebellion against God and the Bible? Many today claim that it was. People have mistakenly linked democracy and political freedom to Christianity.
Years of feudal oppression and fiscal mismanagement contributed to a French society that was ripe for revolt. Noting a downward economic spiral in the late s, King Louis XVI brought in a number of financial advisors to review the weakened French treasury.
Each advisor reached the same conclusion—that France needed a radical change in the way it taxed the public—and each advisor was, in turn, kicked out. Finally, the king realized that this taxation problem really did need to be addressed, so he appointed a new controller general of finance, Charles de Calonne, in Calonne suggested that, among other things, France begin taxing the previously exempt nobility.
The nobility refused, even after Calonne pleaded with them during the Assembly of Notables in Financial ruin thus seemed imminent. The Estates-General In a final act of desperation, Louis XVI decided in to convene the Estates-General, an ancient assembly consisting of three different estates that each represented a portion of the French population.
If the Estates-General could agree on a tax solution, it would be implemented. However, since two of the three estates—the clergy and the nobility—were tax-exempt, the attainment of any such solution was unlikely.
Moreover, the outdated rules of order for the Estates-General gave each estate a single vote, despite the fact that the Third Estate—consisting of the general French public—was many times larger than either of the first two.
Feuds quickly broke out over this disparity and would prove to be irreconcilable. Realizing that its numbers gave it an automatic advantage, the Third Estate declared itself the sovereign National Assembly. Within days of the announcement, many members of the other two estates had switched allegiances over to this revolutionary new assembly.
The Bastille and the Great Fear Shortly after the National Assembly formed, its members took the Tennis Court Oath, swearing that they would not relent in their efforts until a new constitution had been agreed upon. In the countryside, peasants and farmers revolted against their feudal contracts by attacking the manors and estates of their landlords.
Shortly thereafter, the assembly released the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which established a proper judicial code and the autonomy of the French people.
Rifts in the Assembly Though the National Assembly did succeed in drafting a constitution, the relative peace of the moment was short-lived. A rift slowly grew between the radical and moderate assembly members, while the common laborers and workers began to feel overlooked.
When Louis XVI was caught in a foiled escape plot, the assembly became especially divided. The moderate Girondins took a stance in favor of retaining the constitutional monarchy, while the radical Jacobins wanted the king completely out of the picture.
French leaders interpreted the declaration as hostile, so the Girondin-led assembly declared war on Austria and Prussia.Jules Verne is the acclaimed author of such pioneering science fiction as 20, Leagues Under the Sea and Journey to the Center of the regardbouddhiste.com he also wrote much more, including stories never before translated into English, which are presented for the first time in the Palik series, under the auspices of the North American Jules Verne Society.
“The execution of Louis XVI marked the beginning of the 18 month period of the French Revolution that has come to be called ‘The Reign of Terror’”(49). It was led by no other than Robespierre, in an attempt to start a new government, which proceeded to execute large numbers of people.
In , many British radicals interpreted the early events of the French Revolution in mythic terms, as signs that a cataclysmic event, akin to the Christian apocalypse (entailing the renovation of the fallen world), was at hand—and that, paradoxically, human beings rather than God were the agents of this absolute change.
Feb 02, · In his latest revision techniques blog, Ed Cooke explains why creating spider diagrams can be a great help when it comes to exam essay writing – and how to make one. Essay on Napoleon Bonaparte's Reign.
humane French territory where the three principles of the revolution would be observed.
I would argue that Napoleon was a champion in the French revolution and steered the French revolution principles to fruition.(Martyn. + free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day?
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