Clarinet parts

Bell as illustrated in the diagram.

Clarinet parts

The Instrument and its five parts All clarinets consist of five major parts: The mouthpiece with the reed Clarinet parts here the tone is created.

The mouthpiece is usually made of hard rubber eboniteplastic, glass or crystal, sometimes of metal. The reed is fixed onto the mouthpiece with a ligature that uses screws or a simple cord on the German style instruments.

The barrel or socket - usually the instrument comes with two, one that is a little longer and one that is a little shorter. This is used to finetune the instrument and to adapt it to the player and the orchestra's pitch.

The upper joint with the keys for the left hand The lower joint with the keys for the right hand - both parts could be made from one piece, but having them as two parts makes it easier to handle, to transport and to repair The bell - it is responsible for the sound of the lowest tone This division into five parts is the same for all clarinets starting from the smallest up to the biggest.

Separating the parts makes it easier to store them in a Clarinet parts case and if something breaks you only have to replace a smaller part. Cork tenons to connect them all Cork tenons connect the parts The parts are connected by corked tenons modern and cheap instruments, often made of ABS or resin, sometimes have the cork replaced by two rubber rings that sit in indentions.

Together the parts form a wooden tube - the so called bore - that is nearly perfectly cylindrical same diameter over the full length. Only in the upper part of the mouthpiece, where the reed is fixed, it is a little narrower and then close towards the funnel-shaped bell it opens wider usually the widening starts already in the lower joint.

Because the diameter of the bore and therefore of the instrument is standardized for all clarinets of the same type, the clarinet maker can replace parts rather easily.

Clarinet parts

Usually even B flat and A clarinets come in exactly the same width sometimes even across brandsso you can switch barrels and mouth pieces and thus having already warm parts and played-in reeds when having to change instruments during a concert.

Generally the body of the instrument consists of hard wood, usually African Blackwood - sometimes called Grenadilla. Its black wood is often confused with - but not the same as - Ebony. The natural colour of this wood is very dark brown or black, sometimes it is dyed black, too, so the parts appear to be of the same piece of wood and the instruments in the orchestra look the same.

The wood is bought as blocks, then sawed sometimes chopped with an axe into smaller blocks of fitting size and then stored under standardized conditions heat, humidity for some years in order to prevent later cracking.

Then the bore will be drilled into the parts, the wood will be inspected for cracks again and if everything is looking good, the final shape and the tone holes will be applied. There are, too, instruments made from hard plastics like resonite, a rubber product, that is widely used for mouth pieces.

Already in the s German clarinet makers experimented with Plexiglas for the band of the Africa Corps. Some instruments are made of metal, these are rare and they are said to have a different sound.

Today new materials emerge like the "Green Line", that uses Ivory powder and carbon fiber glued together with a special resin as a combined material that should have the same physical characteristics as wood, except that it is not cracking There are parts like pads that are usually made from fine leather, silicone or cork, but today there are a lot of experimental materials around, too.

The Instrument and its five parts

The same is true for cushions on the ends of keys.Oct 05,  · Welcome to your very first clarinet lesson brought to you by! Starting a new musical instrument is exciting and fun! As you complete each lesson, continue on .

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Clarinet supplies and repairs kits are also available. Concert bands generally have multiple B ♭ clarinets; there are commonly 3 B ♭ clarinet parts with 2–3 players per part. There is generally only one player per part on the other clarinets. There are not always E ♭ clarinet, alto clarinet, and contra-alto clarinets/contrabass clarinet parts in concert band music, but all three are quite common.

The clarinet is a woodwind instrument with a single reed and long cylindrical body. There are many types of clarinets, including the Bb and A soprano clarinets (the most .

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