An examination of islamic art and architecture

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright The Columbia University Press Islamic art and architecture, works of art and architecture created in countries where Islam has been dominant and embodying Muslim precepts in its themes.

An examination of islamic art and architecture

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright The Columbia University Press Islamic art and architecture, works of art and architecture created in countries where Islam has been dominant and embodying Muslim precepts in its themes.

Because of their rapid expansion and the paucity of the earlier artistic heritage of the Arabian Peninsula, the Muslims derived their unique style from synthesizing the arts of the Byzantines, the Copts, the Romans, and the Sassanids. The great strength of Islamic art as a whole lies in its ability to synthesize native design elements with imported ones.

Abstract decoration of the surface is an important factor in every work of Islamic art and architecture, whether large or small. Curving and often interlaced lines, of which the arabesque is a typical example, and the use of brilliant colors characterize almost all of the finest productions, which are of greatly varied styles.

Islamic art eschews the realistic representation of human beings and animals, and its floral designs are extremely distant from their original models. While the prohibition against depicting living forms is not contained in the Qur'an, it is widely thought that the non-representational character of Islamic ornament has its source in the traditional theological prohibition against imitating God's works.

Architecture The earliest architectural monument of Islam that retains most of its original form is the Dome of the Rock Qubbat al-Sakhrah in Jerusalem, constructed in —92 on the site of the Jewish Second Temple. Muslims believe it to be the spot from which Muhammad ascended to heaven.

It has mosaics depicting scrolling vines and flowers, jewels, and crowns in greens, blues, and gold. Similar in some aspects is the later Great Mosque of Damascus built c. The interior walls have stone mosaics that depict crowns, fantastic plants, realistic trees, and even empty towns.

This is thought to represent Paradise for the faithful Muslim. Both the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem and the great Mosque of Damascus used the Syrian cut-stone technique of building and popularized the use of the dome see mosque.

The 8th-century desert palace Khirbat al-Mafjar in present-day Jordan reveals a wealth of carved and molded stucco decoration, sculptured stone reliefs, and figural fresco paintings.

In the Abbasid dynasty moved the capital east to Baghdad, and from to the Abbasid rulers resided at Samarra. The Great Mosque of Samarra is an important example of the Iraqi hypostylenoted for its massive size and spectacular minaret. In Iran few Islamic buildings erected before the 10th cent.

Sassanid building techniques, such as the squinch, were combined with the mosque form see Persian art and architecture. Sassanid influence is also strong in many Umayyad dynasty residential palaces, built mostly in Syria. The most famous is the 8th-century palace of Mshatta; much of its delicately carved stone facade is now in Berlin.

In the middle of the 8th cent. The mosque was extended three times. The culture of Islamic Spain reached its apogee in Moorish art and architecture. Late in the 9th cent.

In the 10th cent. The most important Fatimid buildings are the Cairo mosques of al-Azhar and al-Aqmar. The cruciform Mosque of Hasanin Cairo, built by a Mamluk sultan instill reflects Persian influence.

In India a distinct style, preserved mainly in architecture, developed after the Delhi Sultanate was established This art made extensive use of stone and reflected Indian adaptation to Islam rule, until Mughal art replaced it in the 17th cent.

The square Char Minar of Hyderabad with large arches, arcades, and minarets is typical. In Turkey the mosque form was also derived from Persia, as was most Turkish art.

The great Byzantine church of Hagia Sophiaadapted for use as a mosque, greatly influenced Turkish architects. The most famous among these is Sinanchief architect in the Ottoman court from until his death in He constructed or designed most of Sulayman I's buildings, the most noted of which is his mosque c.

It has four minarets and stained-glass windows flanking the mihrab.

An examination of islamic art and architecture

The mosque of Sultan Ahmed I is similarly distinguished by its dome lit by numerous windows, and wall surfaces covered with green and blue tiles.Parchment manuscript (in gold), watercolor with architecture decorations, 8th century, Umayyad, religious texts.

Frontispieces and opening sura from Qur'an (Masahif Sana) Parchment manuscript written in Kufic script, 8th century, Umayyad, religious texts.

Start studying Islamic Art and Architecture Exam 1 - Buildings and Works. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Islamic countries have developed modern and contemporary art, with very vigorous art worlds in some countries, but the degree to which these should be grouped in a special category as "Islamic art" is questionable, although many artists deal with Islam-related themes, and use traditional elements such as .


Introduction to Islamic Art and Architecture (Also Near Eastern Studies CA)

unembellished depiction of nature an examination of islamic art and architecture the challenges and benefits of leading a diverse workforce or of contemporary life Welcome to International Islamic University of Malaysia Official Website The KwaZulu-Natal Institute for Architecture (KZNIA) is a local representative an analysis of the.

Islamic art and architecture throughout the ages as well as the way such a tradition has influenced – and in turn was influenced by – various pre-Islamic political and artistic networks.

An examination of islamic art and architecture

Regular PowerPoint presentations, a visit to the museum, viewing of films, and a model-making project will help. Islamic architecture includes two important types of buildings.

The first is a structure of worship, called a mosque. Typically, mosques had large central domes and entrances of semi-circular arches.

Islamic art - Wikipedia